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    Sea TransportCargo Handling Guidelines

    Steel coils: Transport and handling requirements

    Guidelines on Cargo Handling: transport hazards, proper loading procedures and safe storage on board according to the safety regulations.

    • Transport Hazards of the steel coils
    The main transport hazard of steel coils is the shifting hazard. Shifting may occur in case of inappropriate loading or unsuitable lashing, which may result to transverse inclination of the ship.

    • Necessary Safety Certificates for cargo ships
    According to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS-74, Chapter I, Regulation 12) vessels should hold a certificate on cargo ship safety.

    • Safety precautions on board prior loading
    During the preparation, cargo spaces must be checked so main and ancillary equipment such as fire-prevention system is kept clear from obstruction at all times.

    Before any loading takes place, any signs of the previous cargo must be removed. The holds must be swept, washed if necessary and any damage to be repaired. Ship systems, such as pipelines, which are passing through the holds, should be protected with metal or wooden casings in order to avoid damage.

    • Safety requirements for stowage plan as well as during loading
    i.    Cargo weight distribution should meet the requirements of vessel’s information on stability.

    ii.   Capability to avoid shifting despite of roll motion and vibration.

    iii.  The number of rows at stacking of coils in holds should be determined in conformity with the admissible specific load on ceiling tons/M2

    iv.  Coils with unit/weight over 15 tons is stored at one tier

    v.   Bottom tier of coils should first start from the left and right wings, working inwards from the sides of the hold towards the center. Locking wedges should be placed in succession beneath each coil as these are stowed one beside the other while keeping the necessary distances. At least one wedge locking should be fitted per stow. Neglecting to do so could produce instability

    vi.  Coils should be stowed across the ship with their axis positioned forward and backward. Locking wedges should be placed at each side in order to prevent shifting during the sea voyage. Coils should be attached to each other with steel banding in varying forms. A Pneumatic Steel Strapping tool should be used to bind the upper tier coils with those on the bottom tier

    vii.  In order to avoid damages to the ship’s structure and to achieve an even weight distribution, careful placement of dunnage between the ship and the cargo, as well as within cargo tiers is required. Dunnage must be laid over strong points. Ship’s officers should ensure that dunnage is laid properly to create frictional resistance – and even spread of the load. Always use sufficient strips of dunnage in order not to exceed the tank top acceptable loading point.

    viii. Preloading steel surveys are usually undertaken by surveyors appointed by the P&I club. The surveyor has a number of duties; the most important one is to examine the cargo for damages and to advise the Master on Bill of Lading issuing clauses as well as other transport documents.
     
    Kyriakos Kalis
     
     
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